No dynamic extrusion of the medial meniscus in ultrasound examination in patients with...
No dynamic extrusion of the medial meniscus in ultrasound examination in patients with confirmed root tear lesion.
Purpose – Extrusion of the medial meniscus evaluated on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been described as indirect radiological sign for meniscus root tears. However, ultrasound detectable dynamic extrusion is observed in normal physiological settings. The aim of the present study was to analyze the dynamic meniscal extrusion using ultrasound (US) examination in patients with MRI-confirmed meniscal root tears. The hypothesis was that dynamic meniscus extrusion is reduced in patients with medial root tear but not in the healthy meniscus.
Methods – Twenty-five patients with a medial root lesion of the meniscus (group I) and 25 healthy controls (group II) were enrolled in this study. The medial meniscus extrusion (MME) of the index knee was determined using ultrasound (US) in supine position and under full weight bearing. Standard knee MRI was used for determining whether the patients were eligible for this study according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, respectively.